SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
Every excellent piece of software begins with a strategy and a defined procedure. Fortunately, there are many software development methodologies from which to select before beginning your next project. Which software development methodology, nevertheless, is best for you?
We’ll go over the fundamentals of your software development lifecycle & explain why it’s crucial to comprehend it, and then discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the top five software development methodologies.
Software Development Lifecycle
How crucial is having a software development lifecycle, and what does it entail?
- Analysis and Planning
Planning is the first stage of the software development lifecycle after a customer or stakeholder requests a project. This typically entails investigating:
- Alignment: How does this project fit into the overarching objectives and mission of your company?
- Do you have the necessary personnel and equipment to handle this? Resource availability and allocation A new development team may also be required.
- Planning a project: What additional projects and ambitions does your organisation have in addition to this one?
- Estimated price: What is the expected price?
You can be confident you’re off to a good start during the planning phase. Be sure to include project managers, developers, operations, security, and key stakeholders, as well as any other departments that will be impacted by the project.
When planning is complete, you ought to have the knowledge necessary to create a high-level scope of work (SOW), or a plan outlining what is being constructed, why, and how you envision it coming together.
The following stage is to comprehend the project’s technical specifications. No matter if it’s a new feature, a website makeover, or an app, every piece of software must address a user issue.
Ask questions regarding the specifics of this project, such as:
- What problem does this tackle, as you progress from the planning phase and proceed to fill out the SOW.
- Who will utilise it and why?
- What kind of data input and output are required?
- Do you anticipate using APIs or other tools for integration?
- How will you handle privacy and security?
Our development team can begin to scope out technical needs, define testing terms, and choose a technological stack after they have the answers to these questions. If you’re utilising a software development process, this is also the phase where you could begin sprint planning or divide big projects into smaller, more manageable pieces.
- Design & Prototyping
The specifications are in place, so it’s time to start developing the software’s appearance and functionality. Here, practicality and flow are the main concerns rather than looks.
This stage of the SDLC may need you to produce basic wireframes to illustrate how interactions will function in the software depending on the software development approach you’re employing. To swiftly get a feature or idea in front of your users, you can instead decide you need additional user feedback and conduct a design sprint.
Regardless of how you approach it, this stage enables our team and client—whether a stakeholder or customer—to validate ideas and receive insightful feedback prior to committing our ideas to code.
- Software Development
It’s time to construct the software in accordance with the specifications and SOW now that everyone is on board with its intended functionality and design.
Obviously, this step of the SDLC is the most challenging and potentially dangerous one (and each of the software development methodologies we’ll cover next handles it differently). However, the objective in this case is to adhere to the SOW, avoid scope creep, and construct clear, effective software whether you’re working in Agile sprints, developing an MVP, or utilising the more conventional waterfall process.
We’ll probably be testing, keeping track of, and fixing issues at the same time that our team is creating the product. We’ll need to do additional, more thorough testing after the features are finished and the product is declared ready to go. This can entail distributing the product to a select group of beta testers or utilising UX technologies to monitor user behaviour.
While testing may be a lengthy phase of the SDLC, it’s crucial to avoid delivering broken software to actual clients. Bugs can ruin reputation, cause money loss, and, worst of all, take up hours of development time that might have been used to build new features.
It’s time to release the software to all of your users now that the laborious lifting (and coding) has been completed. Pushing our code into production is what we’re referring to in this conversation, not developing and implementing a go-to-market plan (your sales and marketing staff should do that).
Using a continuous deployment strategy or an Application Release Automation (ARA) tool, this phase ought to be mostly automated in the majority of businesses.
- Maintenance & Updates
Once our software is in use, the SDLC is not finished. Remember, it has a “lifecycle”? In the case of post-launch, the end of one phase only signals the start of another.
Customer wants and requirements are constantly changing. Additionally, as users of your product start to use it, they’ll surely uncover faults, seek for new features, and demand expanded or different functionality. (Not to mention basic maintenance and upkeep of your programme or application to guarantee uptime and customer happiness.)
To be prioritised and added to your product roadmap, all of these requests must return to your product backlog or task list.